Mahakavi Kalidas Ki Rachnao me Varnit Prakrati-chitran




Kalidasa, Prakriti, Ritusanhara, Meghdoot, Abhijnanashakuntalam, Raghuvamsa, Kumarsambhava


Kalidasa is one of the best poets and dramatists of Sanskrit literature. He has been considered as one of the Navaratnas of the assembly of King Vikramaditya, of which Kalidasa was the chief one. Kalidasa, who had a deep devotion to Indian culture, considered happiness as the philosophy of life and composed poetry as its means. He has extended this joy in his epics and metaphors. In a composition called Ritusanhara, he has described six seasons which have an effect on lovers. In each of the six cantos, one season is described. All the seasons have been described in this volume in a simple and natural poem, in which summer, rain, autumn, hemant, shishir and spring seasons have been kept respectively. The composition Meghdoot is the best poem in the lyrics. In this too, the depiction of Ramgiri Mountain and Alkapuri Marg is amazing. Here Megh has been made the messenger of the Yaksha by Kalidasa. In Kumarasambhava, he has presented a description of the Himalayas in the first canta, a unique nature depiction of the arrival of spring in the third canto. In the Raghuvamsa, he has called the Nandini cow between King Dilipa and Queen Sudakshina in the second canto as day (Dilip), night (Sudakshina) and evening redness (Nandini) respectively. Abhijnanashakuntalam in Sanskrit literature is the Shiromani gem in plays. Kalidas has a special place not only in Indian literature but in the whole world literature. Because of which he is called Mahakavi and Kavikulguru. In the play Abhijnanashakuntalam, Kalidasa has beautifully expressed love for nature. This play is a unique publisher of the values of Indian culture. Therefore, his love for nature is clearly expressed in the compositions of Kalidasa.


Metrics Loading ...


Ritusanhar, 2.13

PreviousMeghadoot, 5

Kumarasambhava, 1.1

Raghuvamsa, 2.20

Abhijnanashakuntalam, 4.9

Ibid, 4.102

PreviousMeghadoot, 12

Abhijnanashakuntalam 1.21

PreviousMeghadoot, 29

Raghuvamsa, 4.18

Kumarsambhava, 3.54

Ibid, 1.30

Ibid, 6.54

Ibid, 8.62

Ibid, 17.41

Raghuvamsa, 13.46

Ibid, 6.67

Ibid, 4.49

Kumarasambhava, 1.8

Citation of other work-

History of Sanskrit Literature, Author: Dr. Umashankar Sharma Rishi, Publisher: Chaukhamba Bharati Academy, Varanasi.

Abhijnanashakuntalam Author: Dr. Kapil Dev Dwivedi, Publisher: Ramnarayan Lal, Vijay Kumar, Katra Road, Allahabad.

Meghdootam Author: Dr. Vijay Kumar Sharma, Publisher: Sahitya Bhandar, Subhash Bhandar, Meerut.

Kumarasambhavam Author: Acharya Umesh Shastri, Prakashan: Chaukhamba Prakashan, Varanasi.

Environmental Thinking in Ancient India (Special Reference: Mahakavi Kalidasa) Author: Dr. Vandana Rastogi, Publisher: Publication Scheme, Jaipur.



How to Cite

Dr. Saroj Kumari. (2024). Mahakavi Kalidas Ki Rachnao me Varnit Prakrati-chitran. Jai Maa Saraswati Gyandayini An International Multidisciplinary E-Journal, 9(III), 34–37.