Jai Maa Saraswati Gyandayini An International Multidisciplinary e-Journal http://www.jmsjournals.in/index.php/jmsg <ul class="details" style="box-sizing: inherit; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); display: grid; font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 15px; gap: 0px; grid-template-columns: repeat(auto-fill, minmax(220px, 1fr)); list-style-type: none; padding-left: 0px;"> <li style="background: #ffffff; border-radius: 5px; box-shadow: #eeeeee 0px 0px 10px 0px; box-sizing: inherit; font-size: 0.8rem; list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 1rem 0.5rem 0px; padding: 5px 10px; white-space: nowrap;"><span class="tag" style="box-sizing: inherit; color: #444444; font-weight: bold; left: -5px;">e-ISSN</span><a style="-webkit-tap-highlight-color: transparent; background-color: transparent; box-sizing: inherit; color: #039be5; display: block; float: right; text-decoration-line: none;" href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/244-8367" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>2454-8367</strong></a></li> <li style="background: #ffffff; border-radius: 5px; box-shadow: #eeeeee 0px 0px 10px 0px; box-sizing: inherit; font-size: 0.8rem; list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 1rem 0.5rem 0px; padding: 5px 10px; white-space: nowrap;"><span class="tag" style="box-sizing: inherit; color: #444444; font-weight: bold; left: -5px;">Periodicity</span><span class="right" style="box-sizing: inherit; display: block; float: right;">Quaterly</span></li> <li style="background: #ffffff; border-radius: 5px; box-shadow: #eeeeee 0px 0px 10px 0px; box-sizing: inherit; font-size: 0.8rem; list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 1rem 0.5rem 0px; padding: 5px 10px; white-space: nowrap;"><span class="tag" style="box-sizing: inherit; color: #444444; font-weight: bold; left: -5px;">Permalink</span><span style="color: #039be5;"><span style="-webkit-tap-highlight-color: transparent; box-sizing: inherit; display: block; float: right;">doi.org and ARK </span></span></li> <li style="background: #ffffff; border-radius: 5px; box-shadow: #eeeeee 0px 0px 10px 0px; box-sizing: inherit; font-size: 0.8rem; list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 1rem 0.5rem 0px; padding: 5px 10px; white-space: nowrap;"><span class="tag" style="box-sizing: inherit; color: #444444; font-weight: bold; left: -5px;">Language English, Hi</span></li> <li style="background: #ffffff; border-radius: 5px; box-shadow: #eeeeee 0px 0px 10px 0px; box-sizing: inherit; font-size: 0.8rem; list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 1rem 0.5rem 0px; padding: 5px 10px; white-space: nowrap;"><span class="tag" style="box-sizing: inherit; color: #444444; font-weight: bold; left: -5px;">Policy </span><span class="tag" style="box-sizing: inherit; color: #444444; left: -5px;"> Sherpa Romeo, Mir@bel</span></li> <li style="background: #ffffff; border-radius: 5px; box-shadow: #eeeeee 0px 0px 10px 0px; box-sizing: inherit; font-size: 0.8rem; list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 1rem 0.5rem 0px; padding: 5px 10px; white-space: nowrap;"><strong><span class="tag" style="box-sizing: inherit; color: #444444; left: -5px;">Archive </span></strong><span class="tag" style="box-sizing: inherit; color: #444444; left: -5px;">The Keepers-PKPLN</span></li> </ul> <p style="text-align: justify;"> <a class="read-more" style="background: 0px 0px #990000; border-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.34); border-image: initial; border-radius: 3px; border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; box-shadow: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.34) 0px 1px 0px inset, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.13) 0px 2px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.08) 0px 3px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) 0px 3px 13px -1px; box-sizing: border-box; color: white; display: inline-block; font-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 600; height: 25px; line-height: 25px; margin: 12px 0px 0px; padding: 0px 10px; text-align: left; text-decoration-line: none; text-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.15) 1px 2px 0px; transition: background 0.17s ease 0s; vertical-align: baseline;" href="http://researchambition.com"> Welcome </a><span style="text-align: left;"> <br /></span><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2454-8367"><strong>The Journal</strong> <strong>Jai Maa Saraswati Gyandayni an International Multidisciplinary e-journal (ISSN 2454-8367) </strong></a>is "Green Open Access" and double blind Peer Reviewed e-Journal which is having the widest area of publishing research of all subjects at the International level. The journal is having a declared quarterly frequency of publication in each year i.e. January, April, July, and October. The journal is published regularly and in time in accordance with its the declared frequency. This journal is exclusively dedicated to the scholarly studies of new and existing literature of research work written in English and Hindi. The Journal welcomes original piece of own research work and un-published research papers/articles. The Manuscripts are considered for publishing in the journal as Articles, Research Papers, Case studies, Book Reviews, Literary short stories, Literary stories, Poems theoretical or conceptual, original, cross-functional, Doctrinal Non- Doctrinal, Empirical Research, Socio-Legal Research, applied research papers, Legal Research, technical notes, and etc which also include critically analysis for all aspect of literature book reviews, translated work from the faculty members, graduates, independent researchers and authors from worldwide. <br /><span style="font-family: georgia; font-size: 0.875rem; text-align: center;"> </span></p> <div class="separator"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><img style="background-color: white;" src="https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/img/b/R29vZ2xl/AVvXsEikRUnURsa3XZ1kmvMeKXC2ZteScrc6Iw7aiOipN2TUg32q7i-7PbBRV7MNF2SttcnvbfP0xEPwzV7llQmhqOaDFSfiBkrc414DUFRxAOFj_WWGSreDNcqSgNWYCX9OMdxPtnCsgttCxMPuMZTFmzqrPfExA2VtInkLbrEUZ6PoEe6J3l-Q1_Nl8VR0eQ/w21-h20/checklogo.png" width="21" height="20" border="0" data-original-height="615" data-original-width="643" />Free and Open Access <img style="background-color: white;" src="https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/img/b/R29vZ2xl/AVvXsEikRUnURsa3XZ1kmvMeKXC2ZteScrc6Iw7aiOipN2TUg32q7i-7PbBRV7MNF2SttcnvbfP0xEPwzV7llQmhqOaDFSfiBkrc414DUFRxAOFj_WWGSreDNcqSgNWYCX9OMdxPtnCsgttCxMPuMZTFmzqrPfExA2VtInkLbrEUZ6PoEe6J3l-Q1_Nl8VR0eQ/w21-h20/checklogo.png" width="21" height="20" border="0" data-original-height="615" data-original-width="643" />Double Blind Peer Reviewed <img style="background-color: white;" src="https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/img/b/R29vZ2xl/AVvXsEikRUnURsa3XZ1kmvMeKXC2ZteScrc6Iw7aiOipN2TUg32q7i-7PbBRV7MNF2SttcnvbfP0xEPwzV7llQmhqOaDFSfiBkrc414DUFRxAOFj_WWGSreDNcqSgNWYCX9OMdxPtnCsgttCxMPuMZTFmzqrPfExA2VtInkLbrEUZ6PoEe6J3l-Q1_Nl8VR0eQ/w21-h20/checklogo.png" width="21" height="20" border="0" data-original-height="615" data-original-width="643" />Digital Identifiers <img style="background-color: white;" src="https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/img/b/R29vZ2xl/AVvXsEikRUnURsa3XZ1kmvMeKXC2ZteScrc6Iw7aiOipN2TUg32q7i-7PbBRV7MNF2SttcnvbfP0xEPwzV7llQmhqOaDFSfiBkrc414DUFRxAOFj_WWGSreDNcqSgNWYCX9OMdxPtnCsgttCxMPuMZTFmzqrPfExA2VtInkLbrEUZ6PoEe6J3l-Q1_Nl8VR0eQ/w21-h20/checklogo.png" width="21" height="20" border="0" data-original-height="615" data-original-width="643" />Plagiarism Detection</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; 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text-align: center;"> <img style="background-color: white;" src="https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/img/b/R29vZ2xl/AVvXsEikRUnURsa3XZ1kmvMeKXC2ZteScrc6Iw7aiOipN2TUg32q7i-7PbBRV7MNF2SttcnvbfP0xEPwzV7llQmhqOaDFSfiBkrc414DUFRxAOFj_WWGSreDNcqSgNWYCX9OMdxPtnCsgttCxMPuMZTFmzqrPfExA2VtInkLbrEUZ6PoEe6J3l-Q1_Nl8VR0eQ/w21-h20/checklogo.png" width="21" height="20" border="0" data-original-height="615" data-original-width="643" />Citation counters </div> </div> </div> Welfare Universe en-US Jai Maa Saraswati Gyandayini An International Multidisciplinary e-Journal 2454-8367 Growth of Vaishnavism in India: A Historical Study http://www.jmsjournals.in/index.php/jmsg/article/view/240 <p style="text-align: justify;">India is a country with many religions. It has been the birth of many religions, like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. Hinduism is also called Sanatana Dharma. Bhagwat, Pashupat, Lingayat, etc. all religions are a part of Sanatana Dharma. Vaishnavism is a part of the Bhagwat religion. The Development of Vaishnavism in India begins in the ancient period. Vaishnavism in India is mentioned by Heliodorus, the Greek ambassador in Taxila during the Sunga Period. In the Besnagar inscription of Gautami Putra Satkarni in Madhya Pradesh, we find the mention of Vaishnavism on the Garuda Pillar. In the Kushana period also, we find mention of the development of Vaishnavism. Many Images and sculptures of the Kushana period related to Vaishnava stories are found in the Mathura region. Three different idols of Ekansha, Baldeva, and Vasudeva have been found in the Devghar village of the Nawada district of Bihar. Which are kept now in Patna Museum. Vaishnavism developed a lot in the Gupta period. The reign of the Gupta kings is famous for the progress of the Brahmin religion. An inscription has been received from Tosham village of Hisar district of Haryana, which begins with the praise of Lord Vasudev Vishnu. This is a Gupta carpet inscription. Thus, we see that the development of Vaishnavism in India has been happening since ancient times, and even at the present time there are a large number of followers of Vaishnavism in India.</p> Rakesh Kumar Dr. Geeta Awasthi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-04-20 2023-04-20 8 IV 01 09 10.53724/jmsg/v8n4.02 Variables in Research A Critical Study http://www.jmsjournals.in/index.php/jmsg/article/view/241 <p style="text-align: justify;">Variables have an important place in any type of research. In the research process, after the formulation of the hypothesis, the factors related to the related problem are empirically studied. For research, it is necessary to clearly understand the antecedent factors, subsequent factors, and the nature of external factors related to the problem so that the research can be done in a scientific manner. In simple words, a variable as is clear from the name is one whose value keeps on changing.</p> Monika Agarwal Dr. Saurabh Agarwal Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-04-30 2023-04-30 8 IV 10 15 10.53724/jmsg/v8n4.03 Lifting the Vell Over the Legal Architecture on Abortion in India: A Critical Legal Analysis http://www.jmsjournals.in/index.php/jmsg/article/view/243 <p style="text-align: justify;">For centuries, women have fought for their reproductive rights. Abortion and women’s reproductive rights are global issues. Women have been given the ability to reproduce, which sets them apart from men. Because the circumstances were so dire at the time, women did not have a choice regarding whether, when, or how many children they wanted to have. Even they are denied the right to safe abortion and safe methods of contraception. Everything began with a few small campaigns to educate women about their rights. Women have been granted a number of rights, but the right to have an abortion is widely regarded as the most fundamental one. Because the woman’s body will give birth, she should be able to choose whether or not to have a child. Regarding its legality, abortion is a topic that elicits varying opinions. The big question for everyone is whether an unborn child has the right to life or whether a woman has the right to end her pregnancy whenever she wants. In this paper, the researcher will address all of these issues, with an emphasis on the abortion of rape victims. For this study, the doctrinal method methodology was used. As part of the doctrinal research, case law, statutes, and other secondary information from books, journals, websites, and other sources are examined.</p> Dr. Vinod Kumar Meena Vinay Kumar Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-04-30 2023-04-30 8 IV 16 21 10.53724/jmsg/v8n4.04 Reading & Writing Ability and Achievement in Science - A Correlational Study http://www.jmsjournals.in/index.php/jmsg/article/view/244 <p style="text-align: justify;">Science is not just a subject studied in schools but a way of living. Learning science leads to the development of a positive and logical approach to life. There are many obstacles to learning science.&nbsp; ‘Reading and Writing’ is one of them. The Reading and Writing Ability of students not only play an important role in learning Science (Heselden &amp; Staples, 2002) but also help in achieving good scores in Science. This paper establishes a relationship between the Reading &amp; Writing Ability of sixth-class UP board students with their Achievement in Science. In this study, ‘Self-constructed Reading &amp; Writing tests’ were used along with the ‘Self-constructed Achievement tests’. The sixth-class students of the U.P. board of Ghaziabad schools were considered as the population of the study. The Random Cluster Sampling technique was used in order to draw 65 sixth-classes UP board students from two schools in Ghaziabad.&nbsp; ‘Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient’ was used to find out the relationship between the Reading &amp; Writing Ability of sixth-class UP board students with their Achievement in Science.&nbsp; The analysis of results shows that the Reading Ability of sixth-class UP board students and Achievement in Science are strongly correlated with each other. In addition to this, the Writing Ability of sixth-class UP board students has a positive moderate correlation with their Achievement in Science.</p> Madhu Mittal Dr. Indrani Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-04-30 2023-04-30 8 IV 22 26 10.53724/jmsg/v8n4.05 The Themes of Alienation and Homelessness in the Poetry of Nissim Ezekiel: A Critical Study http://www.jmsjournals.in/index.php/jmsg/article/view/246 <p style="text-align: justify;">Nissim Ezekiel, a renowned Indian English poet, is celebrated for his exploration of complex themes such as identity, existentialism, and human relationships. This study examines the themes of alienation and Homelessness, which refer to the estrangement of individuals from society, the self, or the environment, in Ezekiel’s poetry. Analyzing key poems such as “Night of the Scorpion,” “Enterprise,” “The Patriot,” “Background, Casually,” and “Poet, Lover, Birdwatcher,” this paper identifies four aspects of alienation present in his work: alienation from society, the self, the environment, and interpersonal relationships. In Ezekiel’s poetry, characters often experience a disconnect from their society due to factors such as cultural differences, social expectations, and spiritual disillusionment. His work also delves into the internal struggle of individuals trying to understand their own identities, resulting in a sense of alienation from the self. The theme of alienation from the environment is explored through the portrayal of hostile natural elements and the protagonists’ inability to find solace in their surroundings. Lastly, Ezekiel’s poetry examines the breakdown of interpersonal relationships, highlighting how feelings of estrangement can manifest within close connections. This study demonstrates that Ezekiel’s portrayal of alienation is a powerful reflection of the complex, multi-layered nature of human existence. His work serves as a reminder that the quest for belonging and connection is an ongoing struggle that transcends culture and geography. By examining the elements of alienation in his poetry, we gain a deeper understanding of Nissim Ezekiel’s perspective on human existence and the challenges that individuals face, ultimately fostering empathy and understanding among people from diverse backgrounds.</p> Vipin Kumar Dr. Vivek Kumar Dwivedi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-04-30 2023-04-30 8 IV 27 31 10.53724/jmsg/v8n4.06 The Misuse of Wealth in Colonial India: A Historical Study http://www.jmsjournals.in/index.php/jmsg/article/view/247 <p style="text-align: justify;">The British came to India as a merchant. Before his arrival in India, Indian trade was dominated in the world. Initially, the British used to trade spices from India, but gradually they established a monopoly on the trade of India. After establishing their kingdom in India, the British started exploiting Indian wealth and wealth. They would buy raw materials from India at cheap prices and take them to Britain and make big profits by selling the goods made in the factories there at a higher price. Even as a ruler, the British were exploiting money from India. First of all, Dadabhai Naoroji raised his voice against the exploitation of this Indian estate. He followed Dadabhai Naoroji's statement in which he criticized the withdrawal of India's money by England and said that England was sucking the blood of India. The Nationalist Congress leaders also criticized the land revenue system of the British and held the land revenue system responsible for the poverty of the farmers of those areas where there was no Istamurari settlement. In his letters to Lord Curzon in 1901, R.C. Dutt attributed the country's poverty and famines to the Ryotwadi system and the excessive burden of revenue on the ryots. Thus, the British exploited India through economic exploitation. Due to this economic exploitation, India, which was once called the golden bird, lagged behind economically. As a result, millions of people lost their lives due to famine and starvation in India.</p> Dr. Geeta Awasthi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-04-30 2023-04-30 8 IV 32 36 10.53724/jmsg/v8n4.07 Contribution of Azad Hind Fauj in India's Freedom Struggle http://www.jmsjournals.in/index.php/jmsg/article/view/248 <p style="text-align: justify;">After taking over the command of the Azad Hind Fauj, in October 1943, the Prime Minister of the provisional government, Subhash Chandra Bose, declared war against the Allies including Britain and the United States. For the independence of India, Subhash Chandra Bose opened schools for the training of the Azad Hind Fauj. INA is found in almost all the countries of East Asia. Branches were established. Subhash Chandra Bose, while addressing the soldiers of the Azad Hind Fauj, gave the slogan of 'Delhi Chalo', because he believed that if the Azad Hind Fauj fought the British government on Indian soil, then the Indian soldiers present in the British Army would also support them. The first battalion of the Azad Hind Fauj reached Burma in January 1944 AD. This battalion was sent from Burma to take over Imphal and Kohima in India. By February 1944, the Azad Hind Fauj had fought the British forces in a mountainous area like Haka Kalam through Burma. By September 1944, the Azad Hind Fauj had captured many areas of Indian land while fighting the British army. This army had captured 250 miles of India's territory. But after the victory of the Allies in the Second World War and the defeat of Japan, the Azad Hind Fauj was surrounded from all sides, yet they continued to fight the British army. Finally, due to a lack of logistics and due to Netaji's order, the Azad Hind Fauj had to surrender. In the end, it can be said that Subhash Chandra Bose and Azad Hind Fauj tried for the independence of the country which could not succeed. But this led to the development of a sense of nationalism among the Indian people and the people made efforts to get rid of the British rule. So on August 15, 1947, India became independent.</p> Sandeep Dr. Geeta Awasthi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-04-30 2023-04-30 8 IV 37 48 10.53724/jmsg/v8n4.08 Artificial Intelligence in Legal System: Pros, Cons and Challenges http://www.jmsjournals.in/index.php/jmsg/article/view/249 <p style="text-align: justify;">Artificial intelligence (AI) implies a system that behaves like a human. The use of Artificial Intelligence started with the concept of robotics which is now part of almost every electronic device in the form of Google Assistant, Cortana, etc. Artificial Intelligence systems have various real-world applications such as customer services, speech recognition, automated stock trading, computer visions, etc. Artificial Intelligence is a field, which combines computer science and robust datasets, to enable problem-solving. It also encompasses sub-fields of machine learning and deep learning, which are frequently mentioned in conjunction with artificial intelligence. These disciplines are comprised of AI algorithms that seek to create expert systems that make predictions or classifications based on input data. With the global invasion of Artificial Intelligence, the concept so be brought closer to the legal system in India for deep learning information management to control the legal system in the country. Therefore, this paper strategically presents a study that evaluates the use of Artificial Intelligence in the legal system of the country. The paper also focuses on the advantages of Artificial Intelligence for the legal system.</p> Richa Gupta Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-04-30 2023-04-30 8 IV 49 56 10.53724/jmsg/v8n4.09