Congress Party Dominance In Indian Politics


  • Dr. T. Girish Nayaka Assistant professor Depatment of Political Science, Government First Grade College, Holalkere, Davanagere University, Davanagere Karnataka State image/svg+xml



Indian party system, political parties, parliamentary democracy and federal system


An analysis of the functioning of the Indian party system indicates that the political process has been deinstitutionalized. The process of deinstitutionalization was initiated in the 1970s. Therefore, the Indian Party system is at crossroads. Here we assume that the functioning of the party system is primarily responsible for the deinstitutionalization of the political process in India. Based on this analysis, suggestions can be made to reform the Indian party system. The four major left political parties – CPI (M), CPI, RSP, and Forward Bloc obtained 61 seats in the 2004 general elections. This electoral success made it more powerful than ever before in national Politics.1 Left political parties extended outside support to the Congress-led UPA government. Congress Party had to be dependent on the left party's support for the survival of the government. This situation made Congress party politically vulnerable and communist parties more assertive in dictating terms to the coalition in running the government. Replacement of the existing constitution is not the solution. Political parties are responsible for the present state of affairs in Indian politics. Political and electoral reforms can substantially help to solve the problems of the Indian polity. It is very pertinent to identify political and electoral reforms instead of debating the constitution. In this context, reforming the political parties should get a central place. Adoption of these reforms will improve the performance of the institutions of the parliamentary democracy and federal system.


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W.H. Morris Jones, “Parliament and the Dominant Party : Indian Experience”, Parliamentary Affairs, 17 (3), 1964, p,.296

Ram Joshi and Kirtidev Desai, “Towards a More competitive Party System in India”, Janata 33(1) Republic Day Number, 1978, p.19

Girilal Jain, “The Age of Mass Politics”, The Times of India, 3 October 1979

Davey Hampton, “Polarisation and Consensus in Indian Party Politics”, Asian Survey, 12 (8), August 1972, p.710

Myron Weiner, The Indian Paradox: Essays in Indian Politics (New Delhi: Sage, 1989), p.12

Ibid., p.233

Ibid., p.295

Ibid., p.298

Paranjoy Guha Thakurta and Shankar Raghuraman, Divided We Stand: India in a Time of Coalitions, Delhi: Sage Publications, 2007, p.389

Ibid., p.87

Ibid., p.87

Ibid., p.102

Manmohan Government wins trust vote, The Hindu, 23July 2008

After the Vote, The Hindu, 24July , 2008.

Rajni Kothari, Interpreting Indian Politics: A Personal Statement, in Upendra Baxi and Bhiku Parekh (eds.), Crisis and Change in Contemporary India, Sage, New Delhi, 1995, p.165.

Subhas. Kashyap, Power Perks, Eminence, 1(4), Sept



How to Cite

Dr. T. Girish Nayaka. (2018). Congress Party Dominance In Indian Politics. Jai Maa Saraswati Gyandayini An International Multidisciplinary E-Journal, 4(I), 16–22.